Milling and Drilling of Single-Sided Printed Circuit Boards (PCB)
Single-sided board production:
- Import and configure the board production data files
- Drill the holes with the ProtoMat plotter
- Mill the top of the board
- Cut out the board
- Optional: Apply solder mask or solder screen
Milling ToolsLPKF plotters have a wide variety of milling tools. These tools remove copper from board material by applying precision tooling to create isolation paths as small as 100 µm (4 mils) and copper rubout areas as large as required.
- Standard isolation – the fastest production time for simple boards.
- Pad clearance isolation – for easier soldering of components, especially SMD.
- Micro cut isolation – Micro cutter (0.1 mm) is used only where necessary.
- Track clearance isolation – wider spacing for high voltage or capacitance.
- Rubout – complete or partial removal of residual copper.
- Spike removal – same as item 1, but removes unstable small areas.
Milling and Drilling of Double-Sided Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs)
LPKF circuit board plotters can be used for milling and drilling printed circuit boards (PCBs) of many different shapes, sizes, and component density and are therefore an ideal addition to the LPKF ProtoLaser S laser circuit structuring system. An important design consideration for a double-sided board is through-hole plating, which can allow the fabrication of more complex boards while drastically reducing the number of vias. LPKF offers a range of systems to facilitate in-house through-hole plating.
The basic steps involved in processing a two-sided PCB are described as follows:
Data inputThe software supplied with the LPKF ProtoLaser S and the LPKF ProtoMats processes all standard layout data formats. They position the layouts on the blanks and control the structuring.
Create fiducialsThe fiducials are drilled with the LPKF circuit board plotter. The LPKF ProtoMats can be upgraded with an optical fiducial identification system for more precise positioning of the boards. The LPKF ProtoLaser S has these already included.
Structure the boardsOnce the fiducials have been made, the LPKF ProtoLaser S/ProtoMat® structures the tracks – first on the front, and after rotation of the PCB, also on the back. The fiducials are used for precise positioning.
Drilling the holes for through-hole platingThe vias for through-hole plating are drilled by the LPKF circuit board plotter.
Through-hole platingThe LPKF ProConduct® is used after the vias have been drilled to reliably create the through-hole plating without using any messy chemicals. The PCB is now ready for further processing or incorporation in a multilayer board.